ORIGIN OF THE BILLIARD

It is not easy to determine the exact origin of billiards, as well as a date and in terms of nationality, however we are perfectly able to say that all forms of existing billiards (American, French, snooker and English …) come from a long evolution: 15th century about until today.

The history and evolution of the billiards are linked to a variety of croquet practiced outdoors on the ground with poles, a wooden ball of 10 cm diameter and a curved wooden stick (crosse). Players wanted to play regardless of the weather, and have introduced a version of the game tailored interior, and subsequently developed a version of table pushing the ball with the tip of the handle.

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The name of the pool would be its inventor: an English costume designer named Bill, who used to play with three balls of his sign. By pushing the balls on his desk with his meter designer: hence the name given to the game: Bill’s yard (literally “the meter Bill”).

The ancestor of billiard 17th century, it was practiced on tables with pockets with only 2 balls, an arch called “port” and a keel “king”. Late 18th, we developed the ball return system and pockets (sometimes with very sculptured forms or heads of lion gargoyles, spitting billiard balls from their mouths).

The wood gave way at the plate, and the playing surface became much more stable, puisvers 1830 slate, more economical and smoother.

There were many factories competing inventions, tricks and intelligence to continuously improve manufacturing billiard tables and cues. To ensure flatness of the playing surface of the metal plates were screwed billiards wood. The concept of mixed billiards (American and French) was developed for the first at the beginning of the century. Rubber strips were glued to the timber for markedly decreased noise and improve the rebound.

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